Welcome to the Website of the IHFFC

Welcome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dear visitor,

 

In order to secure the guarantees afforded to the victims of armed conflicts, Article 90 of the First Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (AP I) provides for the establishment of an International Fact-Finding Commission. The IHFFC was subsequently established in 1991. It is a permanent body of 15 independent experts, acting in their personal capacity, elected by the States having made a declaration of recognition under Article 90 of AP I. The Commission's essential purpose is to contribute to implement and ensure respect for International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in armed conflict situations.

 

The Commission fulfills its mandate notably by:

 

· Enquiring into any facts alleged to be grave breaches or serious violations of IHL.

 

· Facilitating through its good offices the restoration of an attitude of respect for the Conventions and AP I.

 

· Reporting its findings to the States involved and making such recommendations as it deems appropriate.

 

In the fulfillment of its mandate, the Commission observes the principles of neutrality, independence, impartiality, and confidentiality.

In its capacity as the depositary of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, Switzerland runs the Secretariat of the Commission.

 

Each State which has recognized the competence of the Commission has the right to refer for investigation situations of armed conflict to the Commission on condition that all Parties involved have equally recognized the Commission's competence. A State Party to the First Additional Protocol may make a comprehensive declaration, thereby recognizing the Commission's competence, or it may consent to an investigation into the facts of a particular dispute. A comprehensive declaration can be made at any time.

 

Today, 76 States have made a comprehensive declaration under Article 90.

 

Should you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact us.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

Thilo Marauhn

President

 

 

The members of the Commission during the Annual Meeting in Geneva, 20-22 February 2017

 

 
 
 

News from the IHFFC

Annual Meeting of the Commission [22/02/2017]
The International Humanitarian Fact-finding Commission (IHFFC) held its annual meeting from 20 to 22 February in Geneva.This was the first meeting of the IHFFC members since their election, held last December, by the 76 States parties to the First Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions that have recognised the Commission's competence.

During this annual meeting, the members have elected the bureau of the Commision, composed of Prof. Thilo Marauhn (Germany), President; Dr. Elzbieta Mikos-Skuza (Poland), 1st Vice-President; Dr. Mohamed Mahmoud Al Kamali (United Arab Emirates), Vice-President; Dr. Robin McNeill Love (United Kingdom), Vice-President and Ambassador Alfredo Labbé (Chile), Vice-President.
Diplomatic Meeting of 8 December 2016, Bern - Election of the 15 members of the IHFFC and amendments of the Financial Procedures  [08/12/2016]
At the invitation of Switzerland, the depositary state of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, the fifth diplomatic meeting was held in Bern on 8 December 2016, during which the members of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission were elected. The 76 States Parties to the first Additional Protocol of 1977 to the Geneva Convention accepting the competence of the Commission were entitled to participate in this election.
68 States took part in the meeting under the chairmanship of Ambassador Jürg Lindenmann Deputy Director of the Directorate of International Law DIL of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA and the vice-chairmanship of H.E Ambassador Antonio Trombetta, Ambassador of Argentina in Bern.

After the first ballot the following candidates were elected (in the alphabetical order of their state of origin):

Mr RACHID BELHADJ, Algeria
Mr MARIO J.A. OYARZÁBAL, Argentina
Mr ALFREDO LABBÉ, Chile
Mr THILO MARAUHN, Germany
Mr STELIOS PERRAKIS, Greece
Mrs RÉKA VARGA, Hungary
Mr SHUICHI FURUYA, Japan
Mr JUSTINAS ŽILINSKAS, Lithuania
Mrs ELŻBIETA MIKOS-SKUZA, Poland
Mr ABDULLA RASHID S. A. AL-NAIMI, Qatar
Mr FRANCISCO REY MARCOS, Spain
Mrs ÅSA MOLDE, Sweden
Mrs LAURENCE BOILLAT, Switzerland
Mr MOHAMED MAHMOUD AL KAMALI, United Arab Emirates
Mr ROBIN M C MCNEILL LOVE, United Kingdom

For the final results containing the number of votes obtained by the elected candidates including the absolute majority and the list of participants, please click here.
The newly-formed Commission was elected for a term of office of five years and will enter into function at its first annual meeting planned to take place on 20-22 February 2017 in Geneva.
During this diplomatic meeting, the 68 participating States have also unanimously adopted amendments of the Financial Procedures proposed by the Depositary. To consult these amendments, please click here.

Documents:

Final Results (First Ballot incl. absolute majority)
List of participants
 
 
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IHFFC International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission
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