Dear visitor,


In order to secure the guarantees afforded to the victims of armed conflicts, Article 90 of the First Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (AP I) provides for the establishment of an International Fact-Finding Commission. The International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC) was subsequently established in 1991. It is a permanent body of 15 independent experts, acting in their personal capacity, elected by the States having made a declaration of recognition under Article 90 of AP I. The Commission's essential purpose is to contribute to implement and ensure respect for International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in armed conflict situations.


The Commission fulfills its mandate notably by:


· Enquiring into any facts alleged to be grave breaches or serious violations of IHL.

· Facilitating through its good offices the restoration of an attitude of respect for the Conventions and AP I.

· Reporting its findings to the States involved and making such recommendations as it deems appropriate.


In the fulfillment of its mandate, the Commission observes the principles of neutrality, independence, impartiality, and confidentiality.

In its capacity as the depositary of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, Switzerland runs the Secretariat of the Commission.


Each State which has recognized the competence of the Commission has the right to refer for investigation situations of armed conflict to the Commission on condition that all Parties involved have equally recognized the Commission's competence. A State Party to the First Additional Protocol may make a comprehensive declaration, thereby recognizing the Commission's competence, or it may consent to an investigation into the facts of a particular dispute. A comprehensive declaration can be made at any time.


Today, 76 States have made a comprehensive declaration under Article 90.


Should you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact us.


Yours sincerely,


Thilo Marauhn




News from the IHFFC

Meeting with Peter Maurer, President of the ICRC [15/12/2017]
On 23 November 2017, the President of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC), Thilo Marauhn, met with Peter Maurer, President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), at the ICRC headquarters in Geneva.

They had an interesting exchange of views on the mandate recently given to the Commission by the OSCE in relation to an incident that affected its Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine. They also had a fruitful discussion on the role of the IHFFC in the implementation of international humanitarian law and on the support that the ICRC can provide to the Commission. The IHFFC is grateful for this support.
Former IHFFC Vice President appointed as a member of the Group of Eminent Experts on Yemen established by the Human Rights Council [15/12/2017]
On 4 December 2017, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein announced the appointment of the members of the Group of Eminent Experts on Yemen established by the Human Rights Council. The members are Kamel Jendoubi (Tunisia), who will serve as chairperson, Melissa Parke (Australia) and Charles Garraway (United Kingdom). The latter was an esteemed member of the IHFFC and until recently one of its Vice Presidents. The Commission wishes him all the best in his new position.
OSCE Special Monitoring Mission was not targeted, concludes Independent Forensic Investigation into tragic incident of 23 April 2017  [07/09/2017]
VIENNA, 7 September 2017 – The Independent Forensic Investigation (IFI) team today presented its report to the Permanent Council of the OSCE on the tragic incident of 23 April 2017, when an OSCE armoured vehicle was struck by an explosion resulting in the death of an OSCE paramedic. The IFI team was assembled and deployed by the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission at the request of the OSCE. [...]
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IHFFC International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission
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