Welcome

The International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission – dedicated to facilitating respect for international humanitarian law

 

The IHFFC is the dedicated expert body established by Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions to respond to incidents in relation to international humanitarian law. It stands at the service of parties to an armed conflict to conduct enquiries into alleged violations and to facilitate, through its good offices, the restoration of an attitude of respect for that body of law.

 

 

 

 

In order to secure the guarantees afforded to the victims of armed conflicts, Article 90 of the First Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (AP I) provides for the establishment of an International Fact-Finding Commission. The International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC) was subsequently established in 1991. It is a permanent body of 15 independent experts, acting in their personal capacity, elected by the States having made a declaration of recognition under Article 90 of AP I. The Commission's essential purpose is to contribute to implement and ensure respect for International Humanitarian Law (IHL) in armed conflict situations.

 

The Commission fulfills its mandate notably by:

 

· Enquiring into any facts alleged to be grave breaches or serious violations of IHL.

· Facilitating through its good offices the restoration of an attitude of respect for the Conventions and AP I.

· Reporting its findings to the States involved and making such recommendations as it deems appropriate.

 

In the fulfillment of its mandate, the Commission observes the principles of neutrality, independence, impartiality, and confidentiality.

In its capacity as the depositary of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, Switzerland runs the Secretariat of the Commission.

 

Each State which has recognized the competence of the Commission has the right to refer for investigation situations of armed conflict to the Commission on condition that all Parties involved have equally recognized the Commission's competence. A State Party to the First Additional Protocol may make a comprehensive declaration, thereby recognizing the Commission's competence, or it may consent to an investigation into the facts of a particular dispute. A comprehensive declaration can be made at any time.

 

Today, 76 States have made a comprehensive declaration under Article 90.

 

Should you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact us.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

Thilo Marauhn

President

 

 
 
 

News from the IHFFC

Election of the 15 members of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC)  [19/11/2021]
Switzerland, Depositary State of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, has chaired the elections of the members of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC). The elections took place in Bern on 19 November 2021. [...]
Fifth Meeting of Representatives of Commonwealth National Committees on International Humanitarian Law 26 - 30 April 2021 [03/05/2021]
Dr Robin McNeill Love, Vice President IHFFC, attended the Fifth Meeting of Representatives of Commonwealth National Committees on International Humanitarian Law (Online) following an invitation by the United Kingdom National Committee on International Humanitarian Law, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the British Red Cross. [...]
IHFFC Annual Meeting 2021 [25/03/2021]
On 22 and 23 March 2021, the Commission held its traditional annual meeting, for the first time in a virtual format. [...]
Ethiopia: IHFFC has proposed its services  [21/01/2021]
The International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC) has proposed its services to the government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia by a letter dated 29 December 2020. The IHFFC stands ready to assist Ethiopia with regard to the recent developments in Tigray Region.
IHFFC has proposed its services  [23/10/2020]
The International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission (IHFFC) has proposed its services to the governments of both the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan through identical letters dated 7 October 2020. The IHFFC stands ready to assist both the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Armenia with regard to the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh.
 
 
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IHFFC International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission
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